Cancer Facts and Types (A to Z)

Cancer Incidence in the Hume Region

(Source: Cancer in Australia, an overview, 2008, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare)


Cancer Incidence in the Hume Region




Cancer Types

The website for Cancer Council Victoria lists information about 40 types of cancer which is produced by groups of cancer specialists, nurses and people affected by cancer and reviewed by members of the Victorian Cooperative Oncology Group (VCOG).

The types are:

View more information about each type on the Cancer Council Victoria website.

What is Cancer?

Cancer is a disease of the body's cells. Our bodies are always making new cells: so we can grow, to replace worn-out cells, or to heal damaged cells after an injury.

Normally, cells grow and multiply in an orderly way. However, changed genes can cause them to behave abnormally. They may grow into a lump. These lumps can be benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Benign lumps do not spread to other parts of the body.

A malignant lump (more commonly called a malignant tumour) is made up of cancer cells. When it first develops, this malignant tumour is confined to its original site. If these cells are not treated they may spread into surrounding tissue and to other parts of the body.

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